EcoLibertarianism combines the Georgist/geoclassical economic insights of geolibertarianism with the broader ecological and decentralist concerns of green libertarianism. EcoLibertarianism primarily differs from classical (or "royal") libertarianism in how property relates to the commons.
In EcoLibertarianism, interference with general access to the commons is defined as aggression and requires compensation to (and/or policing by) the community interfered with. Interference can include pollution, congestion, consumption, or (generally) any use that significantly diminishes the ability of the commons to sustainably support its reasonable use by the community.
In particular, EcoLibertarianism denies that locations can be fully owned in the same way that you can acquire material property by rearranging unowned matter. Eclusive possessors of locations must therefore compensate the excluded community by returning the location's geo-rent to them.
Geo-rent is the excess production obtained by using a site in its most productive use, compared to the production obtained by applying equivalent inputs of labor and capital at the most productive site where the application doesn't require (additional) payments for use of the site.
Thus when sites are freely available that are equivalently productive (modulo improvements and other inputs) compared to yours, then you owe zero geo-rent to the neighbors you exclude from your land.
The basic idea is that what you do or make is fully yours, but what you take or spoil is not. In practice, EcoLibertarianism differs from "royal" libertarianism in that it advocates
- severance fees for the extraction of natural resources;
- policing negative externalities through green pricing (e.g. Pigovian taxes); and
- financing of community services (e.g. roads, pipes, wires) through congestion fees and tapping the increased ground rent of the benefiting land.
A more complete explanation of EcoLibertarianism is in the draft Free Earth Manifesto. It is a statement of principles about how individual rights relate to ecology, geography, and community. These statements are intended to win assent from green libertarians, libertarian-leaning greens, geolibertarians, and ecologically-minded economists. The meaning of "community" in it intentionally does not exclude completely voluntary communities, so as to not rule out assent from geoanarchists.
- Are You A Real Libertarian, Or A Royal Libertarian? - Dan Sullivan (1998)
- What is Geolibertarianism? - Todd Altman
- A Geolibertarian FAQ - Todd Altman
- Geolibertarianism on Wikipedia
- Geolibertarian Constitution and Bill of Rights - Foldvary (2007)
- The Heart of Economics in One Short Story - Foldvary explains the law of wages and the law of rent
- Geo-Rent: A Plea to Public Economists - Foldvary (2005) summarizes the economic case
- The Ultimate Tax Reform: Public Revenue from Land Rent - Foldvary (2006) compares to other reforms
- The Science of Economics - Foldvary (1999): world's best overview of fundamental macroeconomics
Land Value Taxation
- LVT on Wikipedia
- LVT advantages
- Land Value Taxation Campaign - British site with excellent overview of LVT and an LVT webzine since 1997
- LVT Advocates
Green Tax Shift
- Tax bads and untax goods with a green tax shift - Foldvary 2008
- We Don't Need No Stinking Taxes - Foldvary 2004
- Leading economists endorse Pigovian taxes
- How Green Is My Freedom? - Foldvary 2007
- Does Free Plus Green Equal Victory? - Foldvary 2007
- Carbon Tax Calculations Estimate of the magnitude of a carbon tax needed to replace the personal income tax.
- Design Your Own Carbon Tax Online calculators to estimate carbon tax rates based on revenue targets and rebate levels
- Wealth and Want - Wyn Achenbaum's comprehensive Georgist portal
- Dan's Geolibertarian Page
- Henry George Institute - in NYC, offering Georgist classes since 1971
- Principles of Politican Economy - 3 condensed texts of Henry George
- Henry George School - NYC school offering Georgist classes since 1932
- 10 lesson summaries surveying Georgism
- High-school level lessons in Economics and U.S. History
- Progress.org - daily news and commentary
- Geonomics.org - geoist overview and Geonomist magazine
- School of Cooperative Individualism - web site focused on historical Georgists
- Exhaustive index of quotes supportive of Georgism
- Greens and Libertarians: The yin and yang of our political future - Dan Sullivan (1992)
- Libertarianism and Georgism -- The Philosophical and Practical Relationship - Harold Kyriazi (2002)
- Land As A Special Factor Of Production
- Georgism Assumes A Labor Theory of Value?
- How Did The Community Come To Own The Commons?
- Magnitude of Geo-Rent
- Geo-Rent Sharing
- Community Scope
- Cash Citizens' Dividend?
- Assessing Land Value